Institutional and legal framework
The Kyrgyz Republic has taken substantive steps towards creating national and sectoral strategies that address development and climate resilience, but there is need for a framework that brings coherence to the multiple strategies, plans and funding opportunities that currently exist in the country. Key national-level policies are the National Strategy for Sustainable Development “Zhany Doorgo – kyrk kadam” (40 Steps to the New Era) 2018–2040, the “National Strategy for Sustainable Development for the Kyrgyz Republic for the period 2013-2017”, the 2013 “Priority directions of adaptation to climate change until 2017”, and the 2015 “Intended Nationally Determined Contribution” (INDC). Furthermore, line ministries in the Kyrgyz Republic have developed several sectoral adaptation strategies and plans of action for key climate-sensitive socio-economic sectors, such as water resources and agriculture (addressed jointly), health, forestry and biodiversity, and emergency situations. However, other economically-important, climate sensitive sectors including energy, mining, transport and municipal water supply do not have sectoral adaptation strategies to date, even though they are considered as priority sectors for sustainable development. Several of the existing adaptation policies and strategies are due to expire soon, or are being renewed.